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Shito-Ryu Karate-Do Interational Renshikan

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SKIR KARATE-DO

SHITO-RYU KARATE-DO INTERNATIONAL RENSHIKAN.

Shito-Ryu Karate-Do International Renshikan (SKIR) is an international karatedo organization propagating traditional Shitoryu Karatedo worldwide with a unique blend of traditional and sports.

SKIR Shitoryu Karate organization is founded by Shihan Naresh Sharma, an exponent of Nobukawa-ha Shitoryu. The SKIR is an organization for open for individuals and groups that would like to practice and preserves traditional way of Karate-Do as well as values and principles that Budo karate style throughout the world.

The SKIR presents you with an opportunity to network with open-minded individuals and groups from around the world without any discrimination.

HISTORY OF KARATE-DO.

A long time ago an Indian Monk from south-India (Kanchipuram) named as Bodhidharma who later came to be known as Bodhitara (Japanese know him as Daruma Taishi) traveled to China through ways of Himalayas to spread Zen Buddhism. He visited the emperor in China who was spreading Buddhism by the way of building monuments, reciting sutras etc. The King asked him that he is doing” so much for Buddhism what will Buddha give him in return. On this Daruma replied “Nothing” the king could not understand the answer properly because in Zen Buddhism “a good deed done in the hope of getting a good favour is not a true deed”. The King was angry on hearing the answer, he ordered immediately to Daruma Taishi to leave his kingdom. While returning on his way back he came across a Shaolin Monastery of China and he found that the monks of the monastery were growing weak and couldn't meditate due to lack of physical activity and nor they were able to defend themselves from robbers, thieves etc. Bodhitara being from a Royal family was trained in Indian Martial Arts as well in Yoga. He introduced a systematic set of exercises which shall strengthen the mind and body, exercises which allegedly marked the beginning of the Shaolin style of boxing. Bodhidharma’s teaching later becomes the basis for the majority of Chinese martial arts. Later Chinese developed this form into an excellent martial art known to us today as “Shaolin Art of Fighting”, Wu-Shu or Kung-Fu.

HISTORY OF KARATE-DO

It is commonly known as that Karate-Do developed from fighting systems originating in China, there are few documents in existence that can verify the exact process. In 1392, over five hundred Chinese emigrated from Fujian to the Okinawan city of Naha and established a community in the area known as Kume. They introduced Chinese culture to the Ryukyu people, and it is believed that a number of experts in traditional Chinese hand-to-hand combat were also in the community. Much later on, the Qing Dynasty military envoy, Kusanku, said to have been an expert in the martial art of Ch’uan Fa, introduced it to Okinawa when he was sent there around 1756.

When Shimazu Iehisa of the Satsuma clan invaded the islands in 1609, all weapons were confiscated from the local populace. Ryukyu was still allowed to maintain its tributary relationship with China, but the prohibition on weapons was strictly enforced for the next 250 years. The study and training of hand-to-hand combat was conducted secretly, as the Satsuma authorities intensified their policies of disarmament and control.

There are many theories surrounding the roots of the term “karate”. It is unclear who first used the word, and when. However, the ancient Ryukyu a fighting system was originally referred to as “Te”, and the standard assumption is the appellation “Kara-Te” refers to the martial techniques learned from China (kara = China).

Whatever the case, it is clear that karate evolved in Okinawa with significant Chinese cultural influence. Over time, the highly esoteric and once secret techniques became widespread throughout Okinawa. By 1904, public demonstrations were commonplace in Naha and other localities. In April 1905, Itosu (Anko) Yasutsune introduced karate into the school curriculum in Okinawa teaching seven forms from Okinawan ‘Te’: Gojushiho, Chinto, Kushanku-Dai, Kushanku-Sho, Bassai-Dai, Bassai-Sho, Naifanchi Shodan; and also seven forms which he created ( Heian Shodan to Godan, Naihanchi Nida to /Sandan), making fourteen in total.

The main karate regions in Okinawa were Naha and Shuri, and accordingly the foremost methods are called “Naha-te” and “Shuri-te”. Another style known as “Tomari-te” closely resembles Shuri-te, and is usually classified within the latter group. Higaonna Kanryo and Miyagi Chojun made Naha-te popular. Shuri-te was popular with the upper-echelons of Okinawa society, and was taught to the royal family by Matsumura Sokon and Itosu Anko. In the Tomari-te line, Matsumura Kosaku and Motobu Choki were particularly active.

Apart from these well-known masters, many others created what would become over one-hundred different schools of karate in Okinawa and mainland Japan. Among them, Shotokan, Goju-ryu, Shito-ryu, and Wado-ryu are the most successful in terms of the number of students and popularity. These are referred to as the “Great Four” schools of Karate-Do.

Karate was first seen on mainland Japan in 1916-1917, when Funakoshi Gichin gave a public demonstration at the Butokuden in Kyoto where it was introduced as Ryukyu karate-jutsu. In 1922, the Ministry of Education conducted the first Physical Education Exposition in Tokyo to which Funakoshi was invited to demonstrate the Kushanku-no-Kata. Kano Jigaro requested that he demonstrate kata and kumite to Kodokan students.

SHITO-RYU KARATE-DO.

Master Kenwa Mabuni is the founder of Shito-Ryu Karate-Do style. He was student of Master      of Master Yasutsune Itosu (nickname “Ankoh”) from the town of Shuri and learnt Kata most correctly among all. Master Itosu encouraged Mabuni to keep training and Mabuni sensei trained very hard and learnt the “twenty three swift fists” from him. Mabuni sensei also studied under Master Kanryo Higashionna and Arakaki Seisho sensei of Naha city. He also studied Kempo from a Chinese man Gokenki, a tea merchant, who lived in Okinawa and who came from the Fukien province in China. Mabuni sensei later combined the teachings of Itosu sensei and Higaonna sensei and called his system Shito-Ryu Karate-Do. The word SHITO is the combination of two kanji characters from the name of Master Kanryo Higaonna and Master Ankoh Itosu. The Mabuni Kata repertoire of Shito-Ryu combines the Shuri-Te, Naha-Te and Tomari-Te lineage Kata into a set of used from all three sources. Students must study both styles with the understanding of their distinctive characteristics. The Itosu School is famous for the combination of light and quick movements focusing on speed and Higaonna sensei school is famous for large and powerful techniques supported by breathing. However, techniques should not be halfway mixture of the Itosu and Higaonna School. Shito-Ryu practitioners are aware of the fact that Shito-Ryu techniques always strive for perfection which descended from both schools.

INTERNATIONAL SKIR BRANCHES.

The SKIR is an organization for open for individuals and groups that would like to practice and preserves traditional way of Karate-Do as well as values and principles that Budo karate style throughout the world.

The SKIR presents you with an opportunity to network with open-minded individuals and groups from around the world without any discrimination.

India- Naresh Kumar
Srilanka - Vacant
Nepal - Vacant
Bangladesh - Vacant
Bhutan - Vacant
Malaysia - Vacant
Singapore - Vacant

MEMBERSHIP & DAN GRADING

Shito-Ryu Karate-Do International Renshikan is an organization aimed at physical and mental cultivation of individual through practice of Shitoryu Karatedo and contribute to development of society worldwide.

MEMBERSHIP:

We accept members and groups from all countries complying the principles of Shito-Ryu Karate-Do International Renshikan and appoint National Director / Representative. All member Groups of SKIR shall work in coordination with International headquarter and probationary membership will be granted for first year and full membership later.

We are not actively searching for members but when we are contacted by interested groups our Directory Committee will consider their application for membership and, if they are found to embrace our understanding of the spirit of SKIR, we will accept them. If anyone is interested in joining the SKIR please send a simple email to: skir.executiveoffice@gmail.com

The National Director / Representative will be regarded as the ‘chief instructor’ of their country. They will have control and command of group and instructors developed by them in their country.
The SKIR wishes to establish and maintain long-lasting relationships with its member countries. Membership to the SKIR shall be taken as an honour and a privilege and, of course, it has to be beneficial to all.

GRADINGS:

Clubs and organizations who become members of our SKIR may continue to hold Dan grading for their students in accordance with their own national and organizational rules up to the rank of 1st Kyu. Therefore Kyu grade will not be compulsory for students to be examined by the SKIR Grading Panel.
The SKIR Dan Grading Panel shall examiner students from 1st dan and above. The National Representative of SKIR of a country can apply to be an authorized examiner of SKIR, upon which he/she can conduct dan grading examination for his/her country.  

All Dan Grading Diplomas will be issued by SKIR International Headquarters attested by National Representative. The detailed grading syllabus and rules concerning the composition of the SKIR Dan Grading Panel are found in a separate document that can be supplied upon request.

SEMINARS:

Members will be able to invite senior instructors from the SKIR to lead a seminar/course in their country. Members are invited to attend an annual seminar at SKIR International Headquarters. The seminar contents: traditional and modern sports karate (Kata and Kumite), teaching Karate to children, complimentary practice to Karate.  

COMPETITIONS:

The member country can organize and host regional, national Karate competitions in their respective countries and can get sanctioned by SKIR HQ. If they wish to host International Karate Competition under the banner of SKIR then need to apply to SKIR HQ.

Rules for competition: World Karate Federation rules

FEES / FINANCES:

There will be no membership fees to pay.
The SKIR HQ. will be financed by fees and income generated through seminars, gradings and merchandising. If, for example, you take a grading, the fee will be divided / apportioned as follows: 1/3 to the SKIR, 1/3 will be applied to pay the expenses of the members of the grading panel, 1/3 will be received by the national organization of which the candidate is a member.
Seminar fees for international seminars led by an SKIR HQ Instructor will be used to pay the necessary travel and accommodation costs of the SKIR HQ Instructor (but not their spouse or other relatives or assistants) and also the teaching fee (which will be negotiated and agreed by the SKIR HQ in each case).

LOGO (SKIR crest/logo and national/organizational logos):

The SKIR crest / logo can be found on the top of every page of this document. Clubs and organizations who become members of the SKIR can use SKIR logos that demonstrate unity members are requested, where possible, to display the SKIR logo, for example on official papers etc.

DAN GRADING SYLLABUS:

SHO DAN ( I DAN)

  • Two kata from the following, one chosen by the candidate one by the Examiner:
  • Kata of 3rd to 1st kyu: HEIAN Shodan, Nidan, Sandan, Yondan, Godan,
    TENSHO, BASSAI DAI, KOSOKUN DAI, JUROKU, NAIHANCHI SHODAN , MATZUKASE.
  • Kumite/ Ippon kumite (at the discretion of Examiner)

NI DAN ( II DAN)

  • Anyone from Heian 1-5 and in addition Two kata from the following, one chosen by the candidate one by the Examiner.
  • WANSHU, BASSAI SHO, SEIUNCHIN, JITTE
  • Kumite/ Ippon kumite (at the discretion of Examiner)

SAN DAN ( III DAN)

  • Anyone from Heian 1-5 and in addition Two kata from the following, one chosen by the candidate one by the Examiner.
  • SEIPEI, JION, KOSOKUN SHO, NISEISHI.
  • Demonstration of 3 bunkai for each kata – chosen by candidate.
  • Kumite/ Ippon kumite (at the discretion of Examiner)
  • The etiquette and attitude of candidate will also be taken into consideration.

YON DAN ( IV DAN)

  • Anyone from Heian 1-5 and in addition Two kata from the following, one chosen by the candidate one by the Examiner.
  • SUPERIMPEI, SAIFA, MATSUMURA ROHAI.
  • Demonstration of 3 bunkai for each kata – chosen by candidate.
  • Kumite/ Ippon kumite (at the discretion of Examiner)
  • The etiquette and attitude of candidate will also be taken into consideration.

GO DAN ( V DAN)

  • Anyone from Heian 1-5 and in addition Two kata from the following, one chosen by the candidate one by the Examiner.
  • NIPAIPO, MATSUMURA BASSAI, GOJUSHIHO.
  • Demonstration of 3 bunkai for each kata – chosen by candidate.
  • Kumite (at the discretion of Examiner)
  • The etiquette and attitude of candidate will also be taken into consideration.
  • In addition the candidate will be required to write a thesis on a subject advised by the Directory
    Committee (DC) of SKIR or the Technical Director.

ROKU DAN ( VI DAN)

  • Anyone from Heian 1-5 and in addition any Two kata from shitoryu list following, one chosen by the candidate one by the Examiner.
  • Demonstration of 3 bunkai for each kata – chosen by candidate.
  • The etiquette and attitude of candidate will also be taken into consideration.
  • In addition the candidate will be required to write a thesis on a subject advised by the SKIR Examiner or the Technical Director.
    IMPORTANT NOTE:

Applications to attempt 5th dan and above should be notified to the grading officer at least 6 months prior. The thesis should be in English and should be sent to the SKIR grading examiner at least 3 months before the date of grading.

PAYMENT OF DAN GRADE FEES

The Dan grading fees is divided into 2 parts and need to be paid at one time.
1. Examination fee – (non-refundable)
2. Certification fee – (refunded if unsuccessful)
All fees paid initially into the bank account of the member country of the candidate.
The member country should then make a payment into the bank account of the SKIR HQ to cover the total cost of Examination fee – Certification fee.

The country hosting Dan grading examinations for their group should invite SKIR HQ. Examiner and should bear all his expenses traveling, lodging, boarding expenses.

NEW MEMBER COUNTRIES & ORGANIZATIONS

The chief instructor of all new member countries or organizations will be asked to provide proof of their grading history. This is not necessary if the last grading of the national representative was taken in front of the SKIR HQ grading panel.
The SKIR HQ has all rights regarding issuing, evaluation, suspension, revoking Dan grading, membership with SKIR.